12 August 2021.
Wildfires in Algeria have killed 42 people including 25 soldiers.
- President of Algeria, Abdelmadjid Tebboune, expressed condolences for 25 soldiers. They lost their life while rescuing people at the epicentre of the blazes.
- Areas of Bejaiea and Tizi Ouzou are epicentre of the blazes. Dozens of fires started in Kabyle region also.
- The Kabyle region is located 100 kilometres east of capital city Algiers. Area comprises of difficult-to-access villages and limited water.
- Algeria joins the string of countries like Greece, Turkey, Cyprus and western United States that were hit by major blazes recently.
- Forest fires are also called as bush or vegetation fire or forest fire.
- It can be defined as uncontrolled and non-prescribed combustion or burning of plants in natural setting like forest, brush land or tundra, grassland.
- It consumes natural fuels and spreads in accordance with environmental conditions such as wind or topography.
- Such fires can be incited by human actions like land clearing or extreme drought or by lightning.
Forest Fires in India in 2021
- In January 2021, Uttarakhand, Kullu Valley in Himachal Pradesh and Dzukou Valley at Nagaland-Manipur border witnessed prolonged wildlife fires.
- In February-March 2021, Simlipal National Park in Odisha saw a major fire.
- Bandhavgarh Forest Reserve in Madhya Pradesh and sanctuaries for Asiatic lion & great Indian bustard in Gujarat also reported wildfires in 2021.
Impact of Forest Fire
- Forest fires have several adverse effects on forest cover, tree growth, soil, vegetation, flora and fauna.
- Fires turns hectares of forest useless and leave behind ash, which in turn make the forest unfit for any vegetation growth.
- Heat generated during fires damages animal habitats.
- It also decreases soil quality, soil moisture and fertility.