TNAU identifies grasses & trees to improve Elephant Habitats.

6 July 2021.


Experts from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) and Forest College and Research Institute (FC&RI) has undertaken a project to identify native grasses & trees in order to improve elephant habitats and standardise mass multiplication techniques.


Forest Department has set up eight-member group after they realised that areas occupied by native grasses and fodder trees in wild have been degraded.

  • Team submitted an interim report recently in which they have identified 29 native grass species and 14 fodder tree species that are palatable for elephants and other herbivores.
  • Team also started a nursery for growing these species in FC&RI campus.
  • Leaves and plant parts of 29 native fodder grass species and 14 fodder tree species have been dried in the shade.
  • They have also been powdered for characterising nutritional and anti-nutritional values.
  • Scientists have undertaken the project with the objective of improving quality of elephant habitats by restoring them with native grasses and fodder trees.

About the project

  • An interim report has been presented by the team. In the next phase, they will assess nutritive value of trees & plants and standardise mass multiplication technology to plant in lower slopes of Nilgiris and Coimbatore Forest Division.
  • They have already assessed the fodder quality of same.
  • Quality has degraded because of spread of invasive species such as lantana camara.

Nilgiri Mountains

  • These mountains are found  in western Tamil Nadu and called as Western Ghats. 24 peaks of Nilgiri Mountains are above 2,000 metres in height.
  •  Highest peak is Doddabetta with height of 2,637 metres.
  •  Word Nilgiri has been derived from Tamil Word Neelam meaning blue and giri meaning mountain.
  • Nilgiri Hills are separated from Karnataka Plateau by Moyar River.

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