25 January 2021.
Germanwatch-an NGO based in Bonn, German recently released The Global Climate Risk Index. India has been ranked at seventh position among the countries that are most effected by climate change in 2019.
Highlights of the report:
- The Index, was published on January 25 just before the Global Climate Adaptation Summit began.
- It pushes for the need to support developing countries in coping with the effects of climate change
- As per the report, monsoon continued for a month longer than normal in India in the year 2019.
- In the period of June to September 2019, 110% of the long-period average was recorded.
- Heavy rain caused the severe flooding in India that resulted into death of 1,800 across14 states. The flood also caused the displacement of 1.8 million people.
- As per the report, eight tropical cyclones cam in India. Six of them intensified to be very severe.
- Report further highlights that, ‘Extremely severe’ cyclone Fani affected 28 million people and killed 90 people in India and Bangladesh.
- Around 4,75,000 people have lost their lives as a direct result of more than 11,000 extreme weather events globally in between the 2000 to 2019.
- For the period of 2000 to 2014, the economic losses in terms of purchasing power parity accounts to around US $2.56 trillion because of extreme weather conditions.
- The report also highlights that, around 11.8 million people were affected by intense monsoon globally that in turn resulted into economic damage of US $10 billion.
The Global Climate Risk Index (CRI)
- The Global Climate Risk Index is annually published by the Germanwatch.
- The index analyses the impact of extreme climate events on the country and the economy.
- It analyses how countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events. The index is prepared on the basis of data from Munich Re’s NatCatSERVICE.
- It is an environmental think tank and sustainable development lobbyist.
- It is a non-profit non-governmental organization that was founded in 1991.
- The NGO is based in Bonn, Germany.
- It was established with the objective of influencing the public policy on trade and environment.