What are altitudinal biomes?

The altitudinal biomes extend hundred metres in height from the base. The base is referred to as Terai region in India. The extent just below the snow line. They have tropical rainforests. They are followed by the temperate, deciduous and tundra forests. The high-mountains in the warm area have no tropical rainforests. They have temperate deciduous forests. The low altitude mountains of nose. They do not have two dry vegetation. So the number of biomes found on the mountains depends upon the altitude, latitude and their height. The forests which resemble a taiga are currently temperate areas of the hills. In India they are of mixed type which possesses conifers and broad leaves. The highest altitudinal biome is of the alpine tundra. It occurs at the top of high mountains in which the snow is always present. It includes the Himalayas. This area does not have any trees. It is present above the timberline. The trees become small shrubs in these areas. The other living beings present in this area are lichen, mosses, grasses, herbs and small shrubs.  The animals present in this area are goat, yak, wolves, snow bear, rabbit and few birds. The area is sloppy and is well drained as compared to the other areas. It has little peat and more flowering plants with presence of small trees.


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