Tristan da Cunha becomes the largest Marine Protection Zone of Atlantic Ocean.

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Trista to be the largest Marine Protection Sanctuary of Atlantic Ocean!

16 November 2020.


  • The isolated UK Overseas Territory of Tristan da Cunha, has been declared the largest fully protected marine reserves in the Atlantic Ocean at 687,000 square kilometres.
  •  It will be a marine protection zone to safeguard endangered rockhopper penguins, yellow-nosed albatross and other wildlife . This will close over 90 percent of their waters to harmful activities such as bottom-trawling fishing, sand extraction and deep-sea mining.

About Tristan da Cunha?

  • It is a small chain of islands inhabited by less than 300 humans.
  •  It is located at 6,000 miles from London in the South Atlantic Ocean.
  •  The waters around the island are the richest in the world.
  •  It is home to tens of millions of seabirds, unique land birds.
  • There are two endangered species and five endangered species in the island.
  • The island is also home to World Heritage sites such as Gough and Inaccessible Islands.
  • These islands are the most important seabird islands of the world.
  • The island will become largest no-take zone in the Atlantic Ocean after joining Blue Belt programme of UK.

Blue Belt Programme

  • The programme protects the overseas territories of the country.
  • It aims to achieve sustainable management of their marine environment.
  • It was launched in 2017.
  •  It includes British Antarctic Territories and British Indian Ocean Territories as well.
  •  However, in accordance to Antarctic treaty, the claims over the region has been suspended.

British Indian Ocean Territories

  • The British Indian Ocean Territories lies 500 miles south of Maldives.
  • It consists of five low-lying coral atolls.

Antarctic Treaty

  • The human activities in Antarctic are regulated by Antarctic Treaty that was signed in 1960.
  • Around 54 countries signed the treaty. The treaty sets Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity in the continent.

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