4 August 2022.
The Union Cabinet recently gave approval to India’s updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). The updated NDC will be transferred to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
India’s Updated NDC:
- It aims to increase India’s contributions in strengthening global response towards climate change, in accordance with the Paris Agreement.
- It will help India to escort in low emissions growth pathways.
- It will also protect the interests of India and safeguard its future development needs, in line with the principles and provisions of the UNFCCC.
- Updated NDC translates the ‘Panchamrit’ into enhanced climate targets. India had announced Panchamrit at COP26.
- This update is also a step towards achieving long term goal of country to reach net-zero by 2070.
- According to updated NDC, India is committed to reduce Emissions Intensity of its GDP by 45% by 2030 as compared to 2005 level.
- It also seeks to attain a cumulative electric power installed capacity of 50% from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.
Last time India had submitted its Intended NDC to UNFCCC on October 2, 2015. It had eight goals, of which 3 goals have quantitative targets up to 2030;
- To take cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil sources to 40%.
- To reduce emissions intensity of GDP by 33-35 %, as compared to 2005 levels.
- To create additional carbon sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent.
India had communicated at the COP26 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to escalate its climate action, by presenting five nectar elements of India’s climate actions (Panchamrit), to the world. COP 26 was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom.