UNESCO Reserve List: Khuvsgul Lake National Park .

20 June 2022.


The Khuvsgul Lake National Park of Mongolia has been added to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO.


  • This decision was taken during 34th session of International Co-ordinating council of Man and Biosphere Programme.
  • This programme is taking place in Paris, France.
  • The Man and Biosphere Programme is an intergovernmental scientific program. It was set up in early 1970s by UNESCO.
  • The primary aim of the programme is to establish a scientific basis for enhancing relationship between people and their environments.

About Khuvsgul Lake

  • The Khuvsgul Lake is located in northern Mongolian province of Khuvsgul, near to Russian border.
  • It holds 70 per cent of freshwater of Mongolia or accounts for 0.4 per cent of world’s total.
  •  This lake is located around 1645 meters above the sea level.
  • It is a 135 km long and 262-meter-deep lake.
  • A total of nine sites from Mongolia have so far been registered in the network, according to the ministry.
  • It is the largest fresh water lake of Mongolia, by volume.
  • In terms of area, it is the second largest lake in Mongolia.
  •  The lake is located at about 200 km west of Lake Baikal.
  •  It is nicknamed as “Younger sister” of two “sister lakes”. It freezes over completely in winter.
  • Khuvsgul Lake is surrounded by several mountain ridges.
  • The highest of them is Burenkhaan or Monkh Saridag.
  • Its peak lies exactly on Russian-Mongolian border.

About World Network of Biosphere Reserves

  • The World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO covers internationally designated protected areas called as biosphere reserves.
  • There reserves are meant to demonstrate a balanced relationship between nature and people.
  • They are created under Man and the Biosphere Programme.
  • It comprises of dynamic and interactive network of sites.
  •  It works to foster harmonious integration of people and nature to attain sustainable development by means of participatory dialogue, poverty reduction, knowledge sharing, human well-being improvements, and respect for cultural values.

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