15 November 2021.
ICRI-Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) recently published its data on stubble burning incidents.
- This report was published at the time when Delhi and its adjoining states are reeling from a thick blanket of smog and deadly fumes.
- As a result of this, government has shut schools and take emergency measures to control pollution.
- The Supreme Court also noted that, it has become a trend to blame farmers and their practice of stubble burning for all the pollution in Delhi.
Findings of the report
- As per report, stubble burning incidents in the year 2021 are considerably lower in most states, with exception in Haryana.
- In Haryana, stubble burning incidents has increased by 48.5 per cent in between September 15 and November 13, 2021.
- In Punjab, the cumulative number of such incident is 21 per cent lesser as compared to However, since October 13, Punjab witnessed a 53.3 per cent jump in stubble burning incidents.
Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)
- IARI is commonly known as the Pusa Institute.
- It is the national Institute for agricultural research, education & extension in India.
- The institute is originally called as Pusa Institute because it was located in Pusa Bihar in 1911 with the name “Imperial Institute of Agricultural Research”.
- In the year 1919, it was renamed as Imperial Agricultural Research Institute.
- The institute was located to Delhi in 1936, after a major earthquake in Pusa.
- The IARI was responsible for research leading to “Green Revolution in India” in 1970s.
- IARI is financed and administered by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).