India officially endorses Emission list.

1 November 2021.


India officially endorsed a website made by Indian climate experts, listing the historical carbon dioxide emissions of developed countries.


  • India endorsed the emission list ahead of commencement of the 26th United Nations Conference of Parties (COP) in Glasgow in Scotland.
  • Emission list was created with the aim of highlighting the disparity between the emissions of developed and developing countries.
  • Countries like the United States, Australia, Canada & countries in Western Europe are shown as having a net carbon debt on the other hand, developing countries like India & China are having net credit.
  • Thus, the database highlights that, it is only fair that developed countries should commit to steeper targets for curbing emissions as compared to developing countries.

Where does India stand?

  • India is the third largest emitter of carbon emissions on yearly basis.
  •  However, it is the sixth largest with respect to its historical emissions.
  • When the size of its population is considered, it is among the lowest per capita emitters.
  • This highlights India’s demands for climate justice as focus of the negotiations and its reluctance to agree for a fixed time frame in a bid to reach net zero. India is the only important emitter that has not committed to a net zero target.

What is the purpose of website?

Website seeks to debunk the narrative provided by several developed countries, and global non-government organisations which focus on what developing countries must do.

Climate Equity Monitor

  • The website is called as “Climate Equity Monitor”.
  • This scientific initiative focusses on equity and climate action from a data & evidence-based perspective, which in turn will encourage discussions on crucial issues.
  • On the website, performance & policies of Non-Annex-I Parties (developing countries) will be also provided to compare.

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