6 February 2021.
Accroding to IMD , Balasore in Odisha, is to get the India’s first thunderstorm research testbed .
- The Director-General of India Meteorological Department, Dr Mrutyunjay Mohapatra announced that first-of-its-kind monsoon testbed is also being planned near Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.
- Both of these projects are in the planning stage.
- The Thunderstorm Research Testbed is being established with the objective to minimise the human fatalities and loss of property because of the lightning strikes.
About Thunderstorm testbed:
- The Thunderstorm testbed will be established in a collaboration among the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Ministry of Earth Sciences, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and India Meteorological Department (IMD).
- All of these organisations have established their units in Balasore.
- The observatories will be set up to cater to the adjoining areas.
- The testbed would be conducting the studies on thunderstorms.
- The testbed will comprise of several observational networks, radar, auto-station, a full-fledged observatory, a wind profiler and a microwave radiometer.
Why we need a testbed:
- Many lives are lost in Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, and Jharkhand because of lightning strikes during the months of April to June every year.
- On an average, more than 350 people are killed in Odisha because of lightning strikes.
- As per a report, in the span of nine years (till 2020), 3218 people have died due to lightning.
- Thus, there is a need to set up the testbed to predict the thunderstorm and save life.
About India Meteorological Department (IMD)
- IMD was established in the year 1875.
- It is an agency which is responsible for weather forecasting, meteorological observations, and seismology.
- The agency works under the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
- The headquarter of IMD is in Delhi.
Who is Dr Mrutyunjay Mohapatra?
- He is currently serving as the Director-General of India Meteorological Department.
- He is often nick-named as ‘Cyclone Man of India’ because of his accurate prediction of cyclones in Indian subcontinent.