11 December 2020.
December 11 is observed as International Mountain Day. It is designated by UN. Mountains are rich in biodiversity and are under continuous threat. International Mountain Day gives us an opportunity to spread awareness about protecting the mountain biodiversity as these delicate ecosystems are under tremendous pressure from climate change, overexploitation and pollution.
Theme of International Mountain Day 2020.- Mountain Diversity.
- . Climate change and global warming,
- bad farming practices,
- commercial mining and poaching
- . Plastics pollution.
- All these are threatening the fragile environment.
Sustainable management of mountain biodiversity has been increasingly recognized as a global priority.
International Mountain Day 2020: Key facts
- Mountains cover about 27 per cent of the earth’s surface.
- Mountains have around half of the biodiversity hotspots.
- 30 per cent of all key biodiversity areas are in the mountains.
- Many of the world’s important crops and livestock species originate in mountains.
- Mountain biodiversity provides food, medicinal plants as well as maintain water, soil, air quality for us