1 December 2020.
The Apex Committee for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (AIPA) was recently constituted by the Indian government to ensure coordinated response to climate change matters and to keep the country on track towards meeting its climate change obligations under the Paris Agreement, which includes Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). It will act as the national authority for regulating carbon markets within the country.
Apex committee for the implementation of Paris agreement
- The committee was formed under the chairmanship of Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change secretary. The main purpose of forming the committee is to ensure a coordinated response on climate change matters protecting the interests of India.
- The committee will make sure India is on the right track in achieving climate change obligations under the Paris agreement.
- The committee has 17 members, responsible for formulating policies to implement the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).
- The committee will also regularly communicate and report the progress of India’s status in achieving its NDC to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
- The committee will define the responsibility of different government Ministries to achieve the climate change mitigation and adaptation goals of India.
- Bottom line the committee will act as a national authority in regulating carbon markets in India under the Paris agreement.
Nationally Determined Contributions of India
India had submitted its National Determined Contributions in 2015. The three main goals of India are as follows
- 33% to 35% of reduction in the GDP emission intensity by 2030 as compared to that of 2005 levels
- To create carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide true forest cover and afforestation programmes.
- To increase the share of non-fossil fuel-based electricity to 40% by 2030.
To be implemented after 2020 period. The Paris Agreement aims to keep the global temperature rise to less than 2 degree Celsius as compared to the pre-industrial levels.