13 June ,2020
According to the National Institute of Space Research (INPE) the increase in deforestation of Amazon forests has been the highest in 2019 as compared to last 5 years.
- It is estimated that the Amazon is vanishing at the rate of 20,000sq miles per year.
- At this rate the entire forest will be gone in fifty years.
- About 20% of the rainforest is already gone and the rest is threatened.
- The research institute has found that the deforestation has increased by 91 square kilo metre in 2019 as compared to 2018.
- In 2019, around 829 square kilo metres of forest has been deforested.
- The research institute also noted the witness of Brazilian Government on deforestation.
- According to Brazilian Government, amazon rainforest faced deforestation record of 829 square kilometre in May, 2020. This is the highest monthly level deforestation since 2015.
- Also, the Real Time Deforestation Detection System has alerted the authorities about the increase in rate of destruction of tropical rainforest in the region.
- If the deforestation pace continues, in 2020, the deforestation could reach 11,900 square kilometres.
Why the increase?
- Deforestation in the region has increased after President Jair Bolsonaro took office in 2019 according to conservation groups and environmental activists.
- According to Bolsonaro, mining and farming in the protected areas of Amazon forest were the only ways to lift the region out of poverty. His environmental policies have been widely condemned all over the world.
- Also, the destruction of the forest by illegal ranchers and loggers increased by 55% between January 2020 and April 2020.